For the electric car does not exist the classic “coupon” which provides: change of the oil, battery, filter, candles, injectors, oil and petrol filters…etc. Electric engine requires a minimum maintaining costs that could be estimated with a 80% of discount compared to a traditional car.
True. All the vehicles are excluded from the payment of the tax of car propriety(called car tax and additional road tax) for the first next 5 years from the registration. From the sixth year is provided a reduction of 75%. Some regions, as Lombardy and Piedmont, have declared the exemption also from the following years.
Regularly in correspondence at charging stations in public areas there are parking reserved to electrical cars. Since January 2017 highway code provides dedicate parking for electrical vehicles.
The exemption of payment in municipal parking is regulated by the Town Hall. In Italy most of the cities/Town Halls provide it and it is certified by a license issued by the Town Hall. This exemption must be exposed on the windscreen to avoid fines.
Generally an electric cars can move in controlled traffic zone and historic centre free. Regulation is a matter of the local Council.
Regularly in correspondence at charging stations in public areas there are parking reserved to electrical cars. On January 14 2017 enter into force an integration to highway code, which provides a fine for every electric or non-electric car which is in a parking for electric cars and is not in charging.
The charging of an electric car provides a continuing communication between the vehicle and station, to verify that in every moment safety conditions for the vehicle and people are respected.
The Way 3 Charging will start only after this procedures:
1. vehicle and charging stations connected by cable;
2. a communication established between vehicle and charging station;
3. verify safety conditions;
4. From now, the system will be powered.
If during the charging arise some problems(for example the cable brake or damaged), the system goes automatically in protection, cutting down the tension and so interrupting the charging flux.
Charging of electrical cars is regulated by the European community to be the same in all Europe: the international standard IEC 61851 provides 4 way of charging, two of them specifically for domestic use, only if not opened to third people(Way 1 and 2) and two usable both in a public and private areas(Way 3 and 4). In particular way 3 is the more popular for charging electrical vehicles, in public and private areas.
National infrastructure plan called PNIRE, which specify the guidelines to develop a charging system same in alla Europe, esteem that the charging point must be 1/10 of electrical vehicles.
From Dicember 31 2017 Town Halls will establish that, for the houses and public buildings over 500 square metres, there must be an electrical predisposition for possible installation of electrical infrastructures for charging vehicles.
You should verify that the charging station and the installation are corresponding to the standards. You have to pay attention because often on the market you could find products that don’t satisfy what prescribed in the national law about security.
No. For safety reasons the law prescribes the use of connectors.
No, the law bans them.
The access to recharging services is covered by the service’s manager and not the producer of the station. Some managers utilize dedicate cards, subscription-paid services or by classic methods of payment (credit cards, token vending machine…).
A mapping does not exist yet. PNIRE (Infrastructures National Plan) provides the creation of a unique national platform where put all this information together but currently is not active.
The autonomy depends above all on the capacity of the battery. Said that, you need to consider that typically you don’t need to recharge the car only when it is completely low batter, as that not always the charging finishes at 100%. Is important to consider that the 80% of the charging is obtained in an half of the time necessary for a total charging.
Car manufacturers provides in a booklet the details of the car, among them also its autonomy.
It is important to take account there are many factors that can affect the autonomy, among them how it is drived, environmental factors (winter/summer), usage in urban or suburban areas.
Contrary at what it is thought, the power of the charging available is not the only factor that establish the charging times. In fact, the most important one is the car, since that according to its absorption capacity and the security system on the charging control, determine the quantity of energy taken up. The quantity of energy available becomes important only after that.
Some manufacturers don’t advise a frequently usage of this type of charging but only when really necessary.
The charging costs depend on different variables: charge provider, energy provider, type of contract, type of car, time band. AEEGSI specify which are the fares applicable at usage of electrical energy depending on terms of the contract, in case of one-hour/two-hour fare.
Below we can see what is the average cost in bill for customers with contracts starting from 3kWh, one-hour/two-hours slots.
In this chart the cost is in kWh and specify the cost of a average family, so: power 3kWh, contract of electrical supply for single-family house, consumption of 2700kWh per year, without taxes:
|One-hour slot||Two-hour slot (F1)||Two-hour slot (F2, F3)|
|0,171232 €/kWh||0,176772 €/kWh||0,168432 €/kWh|
So, how much does it cost an electric car?
Considering that an average usage is 14,10kWh/100Km is easy to understand: only for electricity, an electric car costs 0,92€ / 100 Km during the one-hour slot and 0,84€ / 100 Km during the two-hours slot and night. This costs implies total efficiency of the battery and the system of charging, without leakage.
It Is possible, standards consider this chance, but only in closed areas to third people so accessible at the owner of the car, for example private garage.
Anyway, is not unadvisable this type of charging because often the classic domestic plugs which are in our garages are not suitable to bear this load for so much time.
N.B.: block of flats’ or business parking space even if is private is not closed to third people, so the standard provides the utilization of connectors and “way 3”dedicate stations.
Classic domestic plugs usually are not designed and projected to resist at higher powers for many continuous hours without damage themselves. Safe at home is more important because often charging is during the night, in a place which is not controlled.
To safely recharge you should use a charging station (called Wallbox) in accordance to the standards.
To recognize if a product follows the standards an expert must evaluate it. To discover more address to your trusted installer or at our installer specialized in the New Mobility Team.
It is possible, but not essential. It is possible to recharge the electric car connecting the station to the existent power grid, as every utilities at home. There are charging stations with adjustable power and ones which auto modular the charging in function of the available power.
Yes, it could happen, because the sum of the powers requested by the household appliances active in that moment is higher that the threshold allowed by the device or by the contract. There are charging stations which auto modular the charging in function of the available power.
Yes, it is possible, charging the car in the night or by installing a “clever” domestic charging station which is able to modular the charging power granted according to the total power available In that moment, as for example the SMART WALLBOX.
No, authorization or permits are not required because it is necessary to follow normal procedures. To discover more address to your trust installer.
Yes, AEEG (Authority of the electricity Energy, gas and water system) provides preferential fares for charging electrical vehicles.